World swimming bans transgender athletes from women's events

World swimming bans transgender athletes from women's events

World swimming bans transgender athletes from women's events

BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) — World swimming’s governing body has effectively banned transgender women from competing in women’s events, starting Monday.

FINA members widely adopted a new “gender inclusion policy” on Sunday that only permits swimmers who transitioned before age 12 to compete in women’s events. The organization also proposed an “open competition category.”

'Elated' over policy that sides with female athletes

Chris Woodward, AFN News

A longtime critic of “transgender females” competing against biological females says he was grateful to witness members of a worldwide governing body vote to effectively ban men from women’s-only pool events.

Steve McConkey of 4 Winds USA tells AFN he was “elated and very glad” when he learned FINA sided with female athletes in a lopsided vote.

“In 2003, we were the only ones fighting the International Olympic Committee over their transgender policy,” he says. “The last thing their lawyer told me, from the Olympic training center in Colorado Springs, was that nothing would become of it. Then it spread from there to high school associations all the way through pro-sports and the NCAA.”

McConkey, Steve (4 Winds Christian Athletics) McConkey

Despite growing controversy over “Lia” Thomas, the record-setting male collegiate swimmer, the NCAA ran from the issue and instead announced it would leave the hot-button issue to individual governing bodies.

McConkey, a veteran of track and field, had watched the transgender issue upend high-level athletics for nearly two decades before Thomas gained unwanted attention with his record-breaking NCAA wins for the University of Pennsylvania. In March, the UPenn senior won an NCAA championship in the 500-yard freestyle competing as a woman.

According to The Associated Press, FINA members listened to three groups - an athlete group, a science and medicine group and a legal and human rights group – before voting 71.5% in favor of a policy that allows males to compete only if they went through a so-called transition before the age of 12.

A transgender advocacy group predictably called that policy “deeply discriminatory,” which is the type of accusation the NCAA hoped to avoid by refusing to take a side.

FINA’s new 24-page policy also proposed a new “open competition” category. The organization said it was setting up “a new working group that will spend the next six months looking at the most effective ways to set up this new category.”

Pearce told the AP that the open competition would most likely mean more events, but those details still need to be worked out.

“No one quite knows how this is going to work. And we need to include a lot of different people, including transgender athletes, to work out how it would work," he said. "So there are no details of how that would work. The open category is something that will start being discussed tomorrow.”

The members voted 71.5% in favor at the organization’s extraordinary general congress after hearing presentations from three specialist groups — an athlete group, a science and medicine group and a legal and human rights group — that had been working together to form the policy following recommendations given by the International Olympic Committee last November.

The IOC urged shifting the focus from individual testosterone levels and calling for evidence to prove when a performance advantage existed.

FINA’s “deeply discriminatory, harmful, unscientific” new policy is “not in line with (the IOC’s) framework on fairness, inclusion and non-discrimination on the basis of gender identity and sex variations,” Anne Lieberman of Athlete Ally, a nonprofit that advocates for LGBTQ athletes, said in a statement.

“The eligibility criteria for the women’s category as it is laid out in the policy (will) police the bodies of all women, and will not be enforceable without seriously violating the privacy and human rights of any athlete looking to compete in the women’s category,” Lieberman said.

FINA said it recognizes "that some individuals and groups may be uncomfortable with the use of medical and scientific terminology related to sex and sex-linked traits (but) some use of sensitive terminology is needed to be precise about the sex characteristics that justify separate competition categories.”

In March, Lia Thomas made history in the United States as the first transgender woman to win an NCAA swimming championship, the 500-yard freestyle.

Thomas said last month on ABC’s “Good Morning America" that she was aiming to become an Olympic swimmer. She also disputed those who say she has an unfair biological edge that ruins the integrity of women’s athletics, saying “trans women are not a threat to women’s sports.”

Thomas didn't immediately respond to a message left with the University of Pennsylvania seeking comment.

Dr. Alireza Hamidian Jahromi, co-director of the Gender Affirmation Surgery Center at Temple University Hospitals in Philadelphia, said 12 is an arbitrary age.

“Where did that 12 come from?” he said. “Is that a specific age that everybody is supposed to have passed through puberty, because it may not be the case.”

Age of puberty varies for different people, he said.

Hamidian Jahromi said the transition involves three stages: social, medical involving hormones and surgical. “Which of these three do they mean? Should the patient have undergone surgery by that time, which is almost impossible,” he said.

Other sports have also been examining their rules around transgender athletes.

On Thursday, cycling’s governing body updated its eligibility rules for transgender athletes with stricter limits that will force riders to wait longer before they can compete.

The International Cycling Union (UCI) increased the transition period on low testosterone to two years, and lowered the maximum accepted level of testosterone. The previous transition period was 12 months but the UCI said recent scientific studies show that “the awaited adaptations in muscle mass and muscle strength/power” among athletes who have made a transition from male to female takes at least two years.